Historical Ranthambore Fort – Places to Visit in Ranthambore National Park
The uplifted ruins of 1,000-year-old hill fort are located within a popular tiger reserve.
Ranthambore National Park is one of the most famous tiger reserves in India, but it is not only for wildlife enthusiasts who enter the busy park daily but also thousands of tourist go to visit of Ranthambore Fort. A living Ganesh temple attracts religious pilgrims on the fort ground. Nature lovers enjoy the beauty of the Ranthambore’ landscape. History tells the ruins of the 10th century fortress which is a huge fort founded by Chauhan Rajputs in 944 CE.
This land, which is today known as a National Park, was formerly the private hunting site by the Rajput rulers of Jaipur. Today, the Ranthambore Fort at the center of the Ranthambore National Park is a charm in itself. This fort was built dramatically on “Thambhore Hill”, which is isolated hill in the area. It is surrounded by a forested forest, scattered along the hill-decay pavilions, palaces, lakes and ponds.
The magnificent fort of Ranthambore is situated above the 700 feet high hill. The Ranthambhore Fort is surrounded by a huge stone wall inset with turret and bastions. It spreads more than 4 miles and engages the area of about 2.5 miles. Inside the fort, the complex is full of many ruins and architectural wonders. The palaces, courtyards, tanks, pavilions, and scattered among the network of temple lanes and patio. It is considered a good example of forest hill fort in Rajasthan. And the ruins of the Hamir palace are among the oldest surviving Indian palaces.
History of the Ranthambore Fort
The 37th session of the World Heritage Committee was held in 2013.In this session, along with 5 other forts of Rajasthan, Ranthambore Fort got place in UNESCO’s World Heritage Site, under a group of hill forts of Rajasthan. According to one opinion, Ranthambore Fort was built by the Chauhan king and according to the second opinion of historians this fort was built during the reign of King Jayant in 1110 CE. As per the Amber Development & Management Authority Government of Rajasthan, it is possible that construction began in the middle of the 10th century during the reign of the Sapalakshak, and then continued for a few centuries.
Its first name was Ranthambaha or Rantambhpura. During the reign of Prithviraj I of Chauhan dynasty in the 12th century, it was associated with Jainism. In the 12th century, Siddhesansuri had included this place in the list of holy Jain pilgrims. A temple of Mallinatha was built in Ranthambore fort during the Mughal regime. After the defeat of Prithviraj III (Prithviraj Chauhan) in 1192 CE, Ranthambore Fort Muslim came under the control of Muslim Ghurid ruler Muhammad of Ghor. Prithviraj’s son Govindraja IV accepted the throne of Ghurid, And ruled Ranthambore as their slave. His descendants made various efforts to become independent.
Delhi Sultan Iltutmish attacked Ranthambore in 1226 and captured it in its possession, but Chauhan recovered it after the death of Iltutmish in 1236. In the future led by Sultan Balban, the forces of Sultan Nasir ud din Mahmud attacked the ranthambore fort in 1248 and 1253 but were unsuccessful, but in 1259, defeating Jaitreesh Chauhan and captured Ranthambore Fort. In 1283, Shakti Dev became the successor of Jaitrasingh and recovered Ranthambore and extended the kingdom. Sultan Jalal ud Din Firoz Khalji summarized the Ranthambhore fort in 1290-91. In 1299, Hamiradeva gave shelter to Muhammad Shah, An insurgent general of Sultan Ala ud din Khalji, and refused to convert him to Sultan. Sultan’s army surrounded Ranthambore fort from all four sides and conquered the fort in 1301.
The fort was captured by the Mewar Empire under Rana Hamir Singh (1326-1364) and Rana Kumbha (1433-1468). During the reign of Rana Uday Singh (1468-1473), the fort passed to Hada Rajputs of the Bundi. Bahadur Shah, the Sultan of Gujarat captured the fort from 1532 to 1535. Mughal Emperor Akbar captured Ranthambore fort in 1569. The fort of Ranthambhore was passed in the 17th century to the Kachchwaja Maharajas of Jaipur. It remained a part of the state of Jaipur till Indian independence. The area around the Ranthambhore fort became a hunting site for the Maharaja of Jaipur. In 1949, Jaipur was connected to the state of India, which became part of Rajasthan state in the year 1950.
Today, wildlife safaris are open for those who come only to visit the Ranthambore fort, or for those who come in Ranthambore for only jungle safari, visit of Ranthambore fort is a good option. This makes their Ranthambore journey memorable. Ranthambore Fort is an amalgam of wildlife and history.
Ranthambore Fort is situated on a hill about 14 km from Sawai Madhopur railway station. To reach the fort, you need either a private car or a ride jeep. There are about 200 stairs from the parking lots of the fort to the top of the hill. The detailed view of the National Park from Ranthambore Fort looks spectacular and you can see the vulture, eagle and other birds at the apparent eye level.
Know Travel Tips before Going Ranthambore Fort
Ranthambore Fort is surrounded by the vast and dry tropical areas of Rajasthan, surrounded by Vindhyas and Aravali hills range. Ranthambore’s name comes from two hills, Rann and Thambore, which are close to each other. The fort is situated on a separate Thambore hill and is 481 meters (1578 feet) above sea level. Ganesh temple is a great attraction of the Ranthambore fort. Thousands of people come here from all corners of the country, and seek blessings from God Ganesha for happiness and prosperity. The day of Wednesday is quite crowded. This day is considered auspicious for Lord Ganesha. Most devotees visit Ganesh temple this day.
Ranthambore Fort is open from the Sunrise to the Tourists. Ranthambore Fort can be seen during wildlife safari in Ranthambore National Park, but it depends on your safari zone. If your Safari exit is from Jogi Mahal Gate, then you can get down there and can visit Ranthambore fort. It will take about 2 hours to see the fort and for this your safari vehicle will not wait. After visiting the fort you will have to come back from any other vehicle and have to pay it separately. Ranthambore Fort is open for tourists every day throughout the year. Whereas Safari Zone 1 to 5 of Ranthambore National Park is open only from October to June, which are around the fort. Other safari zones 6 to 10 are open every day throughout the year. To travel to Ranthambore Safari Zone 6 to 10, you have to go through the city of Sawai Madhopur, which is opposite direction of Ranthambore Fort.
The best time of Ranthambore visit is considered from October to March. Temperature goes up in April, May and June. And July, August and September are the months of the rainy season.