HEART DISEASE

Human heart attack

The term “heart disease” is frequently used interchangeably with the word “cardiovascular disease.” Cardiovascular disease normally refers to circumstances that involve tapering or congested blood vessels that can lead to a chest pain (angina), heart attackor stroke. Other cardiovascular conditions, such as those that distress your heart’s rhythm, valves or muscle, also are considered forms of heart disease.Heart disease defines a variety of conditions that distress your heart. Ailments under the heart sickness umbrella include heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias); blood vessel diseases, such as coronary artery disease; and heart defects you are born with (congenital heart defects), among others.

Symptoms of heart disease

Depends on the type of heart disease you have. The symptoms may be different for women and men. For example, men will experience chest pain; women will have other symptoms related to chest discomfort like extreme fatigue, nausea and shortness of breath. Other symptoms include:

  • Pain in the upper abdomen, throat, back, neck, or jaw
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest discomfort (angina), chest pressure, chest tightness and chest pain
  • If the blood vessels in several body parts are narrowed then it leads to coldness, weakness, numbness or pain in your arms or legs

Menace factors for developing heart diseases

Age: Aging increases your risk of narrowed or damaged arteries and thickened or weakened heart muscle.

Gender: Generally, the risk of heart disease is more for men. However for women, it increases after menopause.

Smoking: Consumption of nicotine constricts the blood vessels, and carbon monoxide damages their inner lining, making them more vulnerable to atherosclerosis.

Poor diet: The diet containing high level of cholesterol, sugar, salt and fat contributes to the increase of heart disease.

Family history: The heart disease in a family history increases the risk of coronary artery disease, specifically if a parent has developed it as an early age.