Choose the Best Bone Marrow Transplant Hospital in India That Can Give You the Best Service
Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute and Research Centre (RGCIRC) for Bone Marrow Transplant (BMT) is one of the premier health facilities in India equipped with ultra-modern infrastructure and widely experienced faculty. RGCIRC is a center of excellence that has created a record of successful treatment with superior care. The internationally trained doctors and qualified technicians and staff possess several years of experience in this field of work.
They aim at making a difference in their patients’ lives by providing them with their best treatment to help them lead a healthy life.
Department of Bone Marrow Transplantation
Bone Marrow is the soft, spongy fatty tissue inside the bones, especially the larger ones. Bone marrows are the medium for storage and development of most of the body’s blood cells. Bone marrow consists of stem cells that give rise to all of the different blood cells in the body.
Bone Marrow Transplantation at RGCIRC
At RGCIRC, they understand the intricacies of this kind of niche procedure. Bone marrow transplantation is the procedure performed to replace the destroyed or damaged bone marrow stem cells with healthy bone marrow stem cells. The procedure includes extracting healthy stem cells from the bone, filtering them, and giving them back, to either the recipient (another person) or the donor himself. The purpose of this transplantation is to transfuse healthy stem cells into a patient after his/her own unhealthy bone marrow has been treated to destroy the atypical cells.
Why is BMT needed?
Experts at RGCIRC say that bone marrow transplantation can cure many diseases and types of cancers. BMT is also needed if the bone marrow has been damaged or destroyed by an infection or disease. For some diseases, BMT offers the only potential cure.
Bone Marrow Transplantation at RGCIRC is used to:
- Replace bone marrow with genetically healthy functioning bone marrow to avoid further damage
- Replace the bone marrow and restore its normal function after high doses of chemotherapy or even radiation for treating malignancy. The doctors refer to this procedure as ‘rescue’ as it is the procedure for treating neuroblastoma and lymphoma
- Regenerate new immune system that helps in fight residual or existing leukemia or other types of cancers not affected by radiation or chemotherapy used in the transplant
- Replace diseased bone marrow with a healthy and functioning bone marrow from the donor or the recipient himself
Types of Bone Marrow Transplantation at RGCIRC
There are different types of bone marrow transplantation performed at RGCIRC depending on who the donor is. The different types of transplant performed at RGCIRC include the following:
Umbilical cord blood transplant– the doctors take stem cells from an umbilical cord immediately after the infant is born. The stem cells are collected, tested, counted, and frozen until they are needed for a transplant.
Parent/Children Haploidentical stem cell transplant– this type of transplant is adopted when the donor is a parent and the genetic match is at least half-similar to the recipient.
Siblings (Matched related donor/ MRD)– Sisters/brothers are the best choices as donors given that their HLA type (genetic match) matches with that of the recipient.
Allogeneic bone marrow transplant– the donor is selected based on his/her HLA type and that of the recipient. Then the stem cells are taken from the genetics matched donor.
Autologous bone marrow transplant– this type of transplant is performed where the stem cells are taken from the patient himself. The patient donates his/her own stem cells to be used for his/her own treatment.
Diseases that can be treated using BMT
- Multiple Sclerosis
- Severe Autoimmune Diseases
- Refractory Lymphomas
- Inherited Metabolic disorders
- Medulloblastoma, other brain tumors
- Relapsed or Refractory AML/ALL, and more