APPENDIX AND APPENDICITIS

The appendix is a pouch-like, small sac of tissue located in the cecum (first part of the colon) in the lower-right abdomen. Vermiform appendix is the official name of appendix and its lymphatic tissues aid in immune system. The appendix ports fewbacteria. When a suffix ‘-itis’ is added to appendix, it means inflammation. When stool, mucus or both slabs the sweeping of the appendix that leads to the cecum, then it leads to the occurrence of Appendicitis. The padding of the appendix will be infected as the bacterium proliferates in the trapped place. If the blockage and inflammation are severe, then the appendix tissues rupture, burst or even die leading to a therapeutic emergency.

There is nothing particular like these age group people won’t get appendix. Anyone can get it, but usually people between the age group of 10 and 30 are prone to appendicitis.in vulnerable population, it is essential to get prompt treatment and early recognition of the condition to avoid the severity of the disease. If the treatment or diagnosis is delayed then it increases the complication risks. One serious complication is the perforation meaning accumulation of pus around the appendix or abdominal lining infection. Soon after the diagnosis, surgery must be undertaken as delaying leads to perforation. Other complications of the appendicitis are abdominal distention, vomiting and nausea.

The first indication of this disease is abdominal pain. Initially people experience pain in the central abdominal part which gradually moves to the right lower quadrant. Another early symptom is the loss of appetite. Even vomiting and nausea occurs in the early stages of appendicitis. It is diagnosed based on the findings during physical examination and patient’s symptoms. The indication of peritonitis is the sign of severity of appendicitis. It is surgically removed by appendectomy. The surgery is carried out by small incisions and advancing the surgical tools into abdomen. Before and after surgery, patient is treated with antibiotics.

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